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Phytonutrients are antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and /or anti-proliferative

Phytonutrients (a.k.a. phytochemicals) are chemicals / compounds produced by plants

Phytonutrients protect plants against damage – from trauma, insects, and pathogens, such as bacteria or fungi.

Typically found in: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, tea, nuts, beans, spices;

Phytonutrients have one or more of the following properties: antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer

There are two main types of phytonutrients

(1) Carotenoids

Carotenoids
  Beta-carotene
  Lutein
  Lycopene (tomatoes)
  Zeaxanthin

(2)

Phenolic compounds


POLYPHENOLS:

FLAVONOIDS:

Anthocyanins:Cyanidin; Petudinin; Malvidin; Delphinidin; Pelargonidin(sweet cherries,
raspberries, blueberries)
Flavones:Apigenin, Luteolin, Christin, Tangeretin
Flavanones:Naringenin (grapefruit);
Hesperetin; Neohesperetin;
Eriodictyol;
Isoflavonols:Genistein;
 Curcumin 
(turmeric
 ryzome); Daidzein;
Flavan-3-ols:Catechins: Catechin, Gallocatechins,
Epigallocatechins (e.g. EGCG)
(green tea, matcha tea)
Epicatechins (chocolate,
green tea)
Chalcones:Arbutin; Phloretinl Phloridzin;
Flavanols:Kaempferol (cloces, cumin,
caraway, capers
Quercetin (red onion)
Rutin; Myricetin;

NON-FLAVONOIDS:

Lignans:Enterodiol, enterolactone
 (flaxseed)
Stilbenes/ Stilbenoids:Resveratrol (grapes);
Pinoxylvin; Piceid;
Tannins:Hydrolyzable:
Gallotannins; Elagitannins; Punicalin; Punicalagin;
 Condensed: Proanthocyanadins; (seeds)
Complex:
Acutissimin;

SIMPLE PHENOLS:

PHENOLIC ACIDS:

Hydroxycinnamic acids: (all fruits, but hiighest in outer parts of ripe fruits)Caffeic acid; Ferulic acid (cereal brans: e.g. maize, wheat, rice, oat); Sinapic acid; p-Coumaric acid
Hydroxybenzoic acids:Gallic acid (red fruits, onions, tea); Ellagic acid (fruits/berries such as raspberries, strawberries, blackberries, pomegranites); Vanillic acid; Protocatechic acid; Syringic acid; Gentisic acid

COUMARINS:

 Coumarin; Psoralene; Scopaletin; Esculetin;

 

References

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228035536_Phenols_Polyphenols_and_Tannins_An_Overview

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